meaning is "the night is covered by cold; the morning is of mist; every where there are Dara and Rose flower gardens; With this colored mixture of pure cool air, Clean natured Hosur"
Hosur, also known as Little England, for its climatic conditions, has a history of more than 2000 Years.
Hosur, is known on these days,
not only for its climatic condition, but for the thousands of industries located here. Hosur is at the height of about 900 meters above sea level and is on 'Deccan Plateau'. Average temperature during summer
is 25° to 35° C and during Winter it is 13° to 25° C. Month of March and April used to be hot and rainy season starts in the month of May and lasts up to December. Rain during the month of
May is mostly due to summer. June and July used to witness high speed winds along with rain.
Other than climate, Hosur is very special for the languages spoken. The population is
identified as Local and Settled. 'Local' means, people who live in Hosur even before industrialization and 'Settled' means people who got settled in Hosur after 1970s. 70% of the Locals
have Telugu as their mother tongue, while 99% of the Settled have Tamil as their mother tongue. Other than Tamil
and Telugu, the next widely spoken language is Kannada.
Here is one more interesting thing about Hosur. Though
the majority language spoken during partition of states on
language basis was Telugu in this area, Hosur was not merged
with Seemandhra because, this Telugu speaking part is isolated from
Rayalaseema as Krishnagiri and other Rayalaseema bordering areas had Tamil
majority speaking areas. More-over, Rajaji too preferred
this area be with Tamil Nadu as according to his vision, being
with Tamil Nadu will bring this area into industrialization and
development path which has now become TRUE.
Hosur Forest Area:
Hosur Forest area comes under Melagiri hill
and spreads 1415 sq Kms as reserved forest area and 8544 Hectares of
reserved land area.
Boundaries for this forest is:
North side: Karnataka state's Kolar forest
North East side: Andhra state's Chithoor forest
West Side: Karnataka state's Bennargatta reserve forest park and
South side: River Cauvery
This is the image of Hosur during British rule - Photo courtesy - Archeological Survey of India
Photographed (later colored) by Thomas Daniell during 1804 AD who accompanied Lord Cornwallis and depicts Hosur - Photo courtesy - Archeological Survey of India
Photographed by A Soosai Prakash of HosurOnline on 1st May 2010 after the car festival.
Hosur comes under Krishnagiri District. Krishnam in north Indian language means black and Giri means hill (Granite hills). Hosur and its
surroundings are very rich in Granite. So Krishnagiri means - place rich in Granite rocks. The other reason for the name 'Krishnagiri' may be that - the hill in the town of Krishnagiri looks so similar to the rocky hills of Gingee,
where one of the hill is named as Krishangiri and the fort built by Cholas during 13th centuary on that hill was later used as ruling throne by foreign invaders like Marathas, Nayaks and Mughals who also ruled this part of the country. Mughal Emporer Aurangazeb
leased Gingee to 'Swarup Singh' one of the Bundela (a Rajput race which ruled central India) Chieftain and even today we can
see a hamlet of Rajputs at Venkatesh Puram near Bagalur (10 kms from Hosur), whom might have migrated along with Swarup Singh or
his son Dev Singh (in French De Sing - Desing-gu Raja). Few others claim that the hills (located in Krishnagiri and Ginjee) were named after Krishna Deva Raya - so Krishna - Giri (Hill)
During Sangam age, Hosur was called as 'Murasu Naadu'. Stone art found in
stones reads that the area of Hosur was cultured even during the stone age. The area was also called as Thagadoor during ancient Tamil
Sangam age and also as Athiyamaan Naadu as Hosur was under the rule of Athiyamaan, the king who gave 'Karu-Nellikkaai' to
prolong the life of Tamil poet Av-vai-yaar. During ancient Tamil sangam age, Hosur, Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri, Mysore, Bangalore
and Salem were ruled by Tamil kings and were very much a part of Tamil Nadu.
A small temple was built for 'Kaali-kaambaal - Kaamadeswarar' on the Hill (now, can be seen while climbing to the hill top) at Hosur by a Bundela named Batta Kur-rappa Nayaka
who got settled at Bagalur. Either he should belong to the family of Swarup Sing who ruled Gingee or might have come along
with Tippu Sultan as Bundelas are known for fighting Mugals and at the same time few of them joining hands with Muslim invaders
and get the right to rule countries encroached by them. Till today the festival for the temple coincides with the north
Indian festival Holi, while most of the people of this area do not know what ''Holi Festival'' mean! The tower of the temple also does not
resemble to that of Tamil temple architecture adding evidence to the claim of being built by
a north Indian. The temple
is considered to be built during 1207 AD and hence establishment of modern Hosur can be considered from that year
i.e. 1207 AD. Chandira Choodeswarar Temple located on the 250ft high hill top, was built by the Hoysala dynasty king,
Thirupuvanamalla Barvatharaja Anthiyazhvar, during the year 1218 AD to 1296 AD. The temple was renovated by Azhakiya Perumal
Aathimoolam. He also belonged to Hoysala Dynasty. It was Hoysala King Ramanatha (Rama Nayakkan) who had his head quarters
at Veppanapalli and Kolar, built the lake 'Ramanayakkan Eari' to store water for irrigation purposes and till today the lake is called
by his name. Ramanatha was the king who developed Hosur and a small market was setup near the present day's Gandhi Statue area.
Photo image of Ramanayakkan Eari. Photographed by A Soosai Prakash on 20th May 2010
After Ramanathan, his son
Vishwanathan took the throne but he was toppled by his cousin
Palla-raayan III. Pallaraaya III, established his kingdom up to
Kerala's Cannanoor. The rule of Hoysala dynasty came to an end
after Pallaraaya III died during a war with Maaravarman
Sundarapandiyan of Madurai's Pandiyan dynasty. Pallaraaya's son
married one of the sister of King Harihara, who established Vijayanagar
During late 13th and early 14th century AD
Hosur was under the rule of Kolar. Stone scriptures says that
the king was called as 'Azahgiya Perumaal Aththi-mallan
Kaaruvaan-arachan'. He brought the Bagalur landlords (Bandelas) under his
control. He established the villages Aththi-palli, Aththi-mugam,
Aththi-chandiram and Aththi-naththam and all the names relate to
his name and even today it is called by his name. From Pandiyans,
Hosur came under the rule of Vijayanagar and then went into the
control of Hyder Ali. After Hyder Ali, Hosur came under the rule
of Tippu Sultan and a mosque was built by Sultan in Hosur and
the mosque is located in Ram Nagar area.
Mosque built by Tippu Sultan. Photographed by A Soosai Prakash on 1st May 2010
During Sultan's rule, the Hill Top
temple was renovated and maintained well and documents speak
about the same. The renovation work was carried out by a British
architect named 'Hamilton' whom Sultan captured during a war
with British force.
As per the agreement made at
Mangalore between British's East India Company and Sultan, towns
of Hosur, Denkanikottai and Krishnagiri came under the rule of
East India Company. Mr. Cornwallis took charge for ruling this
part of the country. Cornwallis appointed Captain Kaspy as the
collector for Hosur. Bret took charge from Kaspy and as per the
wish of Bret's wife, Bret constructed a fort which looked
similar to that of London's 'Kenilworth Fort' at a cost less
than Rs 10,000/-. Bret was dismissed for constructing this Fort
as Cornwallis felt that Bret has mishandled/misused the
company's money for constructing the fort. The fort was located
near the present day Kottai Mariyamman temple. The name 'Kottai'
speaks about the Fort and there are very few remains of the fort
today. It is said that few selfish people of Hosur, after
independence, looted the bricks/stones/pillars of the fort and
made it to disappear. Even during 1980s a small swimming pool
opposite the Maariyamman temple had been witnessed by people who
settled at Hosur during that period.
This photo image of Kenilworth Fort, constructed by Bret in Ram Nagar area of Hosur was taken during 1880 by Photographer Henry Dixon - Photo Courtesy: Archaeological Survey of India Collections: India Office Series (volume 21, 'a' numbers)
This photo image of Kenilworth Fort was taken during early 1980s but the date and exact year is not known
Built by collector Mr Brett (1859-62)
Photographed by Mr Henry Dixon in 1860 - Hosur Ram Nagar
The remain of the above seen fort as on 16th January 2011 - Photo by A Soosai Prakash for HosurOnline
A Panorama - Video of the location as seen on 16th January 2011. The bridge shown is the original bridge that remains even today
Even during 18th centaury AD, it was
Denkanikottai, Bagalur and Soolagiri considered to be towns and
for Madurai - Mysore war, movement of forces were in the route
via Javalagiri and Denkanikottai and there was no symptom of
further developments in Hosur area.
During British rule,
Salem collector Walton Elliot Lockhart, made Hosur the head
quarters for Salem district. Present day Sub-collector's office
at Hosur opposite Ramanayakkan Eari was then the district
Hosur Sub Collector Office - Photographed for HosurOnline on 29th June 2010 by A Soosai Prakash. The stone with date is provided in the photograph separately
The cattle farm at Hosur was established in the year
1824 as Army Remount Depot, by British for rearing and breeding
Horses. This farm was handed over to the Agricultural Department
of Govt. of Madras on 1st September 1924 as a Cattle Breeding
Station. The Farm was subsequently taken over by the Madras
Civil Veterinary Department on 1st April 1938 with the object to
maintaining the purity of the Indian Milk Breeds of Cattle and
to conduct basic research on animal breeding and the Farm was
redesigned as Livestock research station. The farm was renamed
as District Livestock farm subsequent to the reorganization of
Livestock Research station on 1st January 1970. During recent
years, the cattle farm is being moved to Namakkal in a very slow
phase and soon the land may fall in the hands of Real Estate
brokers! as already the most expensive trees like Sandal wood
and Silver oak are being looted in day light.
Photo Image of Cattle Farm. Photographed by Mr Sivaraman of JPSR Enterprises during the year 2000
During 1980s industrialization began with the help of SIPCOT and Hosur
became Industrial Town. Concept of SIPCOT in Tamil Nadu was first established in Hosur and later implemented in other parts of the state. It was Karunanidhi - Chief Minister
of Tamil Nadu along with Rajaji and C. Subramanian (then finance
minister for India), who took lot of efforts to establish
industries at Hosur. After that basic development started taking
place. While urbanization and industrialization began by The
People of soil in rest of Tamil Nadu, it is the Tamil Nadu
government which took efforts for the development of Hosur.
Hosur is today well connected by road (NH 7), by Railway
(direct trains to Delhi, Mumbai, Coimbatore etc.,), by sea
(Seaport located just 340 Kms away) and by air (airport is 35
Roads towards Hosur - Just save the image to view enlarged
Next to Anchetty there is a village called Dhabbaguli which
is located near Urigam - 55kms from Hosur (Hosur - Denkanikottai
- Urigam - Dhabbaguli). At Dhabbaguli, there is a temple and
only at this village point River Cauvery enters into Tamil
Nadu. Dhabbaguli is in a reserved forest area with dense trees
and bamboos. Reaching Dhabbaguli is possible only by trekking or
by private vehicles. Vehicles can enter the reserved forest area
only with prior permission from forest officials at Hosur, else
will put you into trouble in the hands of them. Here, you can
spot wild animals and birds. Very calm and serene locality.
Anchetty Reserved Forest - River Cauvery is seen in the middle of valleys. Photographer Alex. Photographed on August 2009
Reaching Hogenakal via Hosur - Denkanikottai is also a thrilling experience.
A stay at Bettamugilaalam (the highest peak in Krishnagiri Taluk) Forest Bungalow having camp fire at night is a real enjoyment.
Visiting Thally and participating in Adeetha Ashram's mind development program will be a very nice experience (Stay and participate in 3 to 7 days program)
Picnics can be arranged to Kelavarapalli dam which has a children's park, can kill a day. Visiting Hill temple and visiting Pach-chai kulam area, visiting another hill temple dedicated for Lord Venkata-ramaswamy will make a day.
Swimming pools are available at Well Fit Health Club (located near SIPCOT Phase II), Renaissance Grand Hotel, Jain Farms, Hotel Sivaranjani, Infrag Farm House (located near Kelamangalam)
Boating is available at Perandapally Village - can be reached by taking a road opp. Bimetal Bearing on NH 7.
The salubrious climate makes Hosur to
hold number two position in cut rose export in all over India.
The climate makes suitable for cultivation of all vegetables
round the year. Daily, tons of vegetables are sent to other
parts of the state and the country. Vegetables are also being
exported. Hosur is well know for Roses, Color Capsicums,
Varieties of flowers, Tomatoes, Cali-Flower, Cabbage etc,. Other
than the regular Uzhavar Sandhai which concentrates on retail
sales; Hosur has a special Uzhavar Sandhai (Farmer's Market)
which deals only with whole-sale business and is supported by
Coimbatore Agriculture University.
A farmer working in his farm growing Beetroot - Photographed for HosurOnline on 29th June 2010 by A Soosai Prakash
Cabbage is grown in large quantities at Hosur - Cabbage farm view - Photographed for HosurOnline on 29th June 2010 by A Soosai Prakash
Cattle rearing was the primary occupation for Villagers surrounding Hosur - Photographed for HosurOnline on 29th June 2010 by A Soosai Prakash
Cattle rearing is the primary occupation for Villagers in surrounding Hosur
Hosur is number two town in Tamil Nadu state in terms of
commercial tax revenue.
Hosur, the town located just 40
KMs from Bangalore central, and borders Bangalore is always an
envy to the neighbor.
Manufacturing industries include
Ashok Leyland manufacturing heavy trucks, TVS Motor Company
making Three Wheelers and Two wheelers, Titan Watches & Titan
Jewelry - TATA group of companies and etc. Manufacturing
facilities of Hindustan Motors, Caterpillar, Luk-India, Exide
batteries, Gabriel Shock Observers etc., are located. Other
industries related to Granite and marble, pharmaceuticals,
Tissue culture labs, Floriculture, Sericulture etc., have lots
of presence here.
1000s of ancillary units supporting
the major industries can be seen spread all over the town -
almost in nook and corner of the town.
investment in Hosur is always a profit even during recessions.
Insecure feeling caused by Kannada racists, among other
communities and genocide witnessed in Bangalore during 1990s
have made Hosur the right choice of investment destination for
Tamils and other communities living and earning in Bangalore.
Most of IT company employees from Tamil Nadu invest in Hosur.
Real estate related crime including murder is on raise since
Internet service providers are available
in plenty. As lazy BSNL provides poor service to its telephone
and broadband using clients, most of the large users migrate to
Tata, Reliance, Aircel, Zylog-Wi5, Geity Online, SunNet etc., Airtel provides wired internet
broadband in SIPCOT 1 area, but their service too is now (as of March 2012) getting worse.
Car showrooms are available
for Chevrolet, Honda, Hyundai, Tata and Maruthi and they are
located on NH 7 towards Krishnagiri from Hosur.
wheeler (motor bike) showrooms for Honda, Hero,
Enfield, Yamaha, Bajaj, TVS and Suzuki are located on NH7
towards Krishnagiri from Hosur.
Retail stores are thriving in our markets, and already
Nilgiries has its store here. Pallavi Stores at Bagalur road and
Kingson Supermarket opp. Railway Station, gives pleasurable
shopping experience and helps in saving money while shopping.
For pooja related items shopping can be done on MG Road
- Taluk Office Road intersection.
For pooja flowers, bit
of Taluk Office road between MG road and Netaji road is the
For fancy flowers (real flowers like hybird Rose, Gerbera etc), visit Indira Nagar,
which is just opp. Bus stand
For Tamil - Sidha -
Ayurvedha medicine, bit of Taluk Office road between MG road and
Netaji road is the right place.
Textile showrooms are
present in plenty at MG Road and Netaji Road. For branded cloth
for men visit Old Bangalore Road. For school/industry readymade
uniforms - go to Geetha Textiles (you can save money while
shopping here) located in MG Road and for uniform cloths go to
Bhavani Textiles (Bombay Dyeing showroom) - opp Ramar Koil.
For under-garments, lingerie, Lungies etc go to
Chandrasekara Textiles, adj. to SKPD Hall in MG Road.
Branded home appliances can be bought in Old Bangalore Road and
MG Road. For budget home appliances, Taluk office road is the
paradise. Lots of electrical shops are present here.
Most of the Jewelry shops are concentrated at MG Road. Tanishq, GR Thangamalligai, Alukas group, Nathella,
AVR and other leading jewellers have their showrooms in this town.
For fancy jewelry, try shops near Ramar Koil and Bose
For foot wears, MG Road, Old Bangalore Road
and Netaji road are the best choice.
chairs and cooking utilities rental, Netaji road is the place.
For charcoal, lime stone etc Netaji Road is the place.
For buying paints and related items, visit Periathambi
Chettiar showroom or Senthil Hardwares.
Fruits can be
bought at Municipal shopping complex located near Gandhi statue.
Vegetables are sold in Uzhavar Sandhai (7am to 12 noon),
located near Taluk Office. For bulk purchase, go to Bathalapalli
Vegetable Market. For quick shopping of vegetables, go to Netaji
Sea Fish is sold near Gandhi Statue and near
Balaji Cine Theater. For Lake/Dam fish walk to NH7 - Krishnagiri
Road, near the side of the bridge, Poultry is sold in Anna
Nagar. Mutton is sold in Anna Nagar - Bismilla Mutton Stall is
good and safe.
Agriculture equipments, seeds and
fertilizers are sold in Rayakottai road.
spares are available in NH 7. Most of the four wheeler workshops
are located on NH 7 towards Krishnagiri from Hosur Bus Stand.
Batteries for invertors and Automobile are available
near the bridge on NH 7 towards Bangalore - Battery House is a
Plenty of budget hotels and restaurants are
located near Bus Stand area. Double check for the quality of the
guest rooms before checking in, as very few black sheep are busy
engaging in illegal brothel and may put you in police hands. To
booking rooms in bulk, try at Hotel Victoria, on NH 7 and Hotel Sreenivas on Bagalur Road.
Community halls are available
at HIA in SIPCOT Phase I, ALMDC near Mookandapalli, Sivaranjani
Hotel, Hotel Rennaissance, Janani Restaurant near BSNL Town
exchange, Aarthi Garden Restaurant in Bagalur Road etc.,
Reputed Kalyana Mandapams in Hosur are Sreenivasa Mahal in
Sivaranjani Hotel complex, Meera Mahal in Railway Station Road,
KAP Kalyana Mandapam near Govt., Boys High School.
exhibitions and events to promote businesses are arranged by HIA
and HOSTIA - both are associations for industries.
12,000 dailies are sold in Hosur a day. Dinakaran (2000 copies
as on 26.05.2010), Dinathanthi and The Hindu (2700 copies as on
26.05.2010) contribute the sales a lot.
industry is booming in Hosur. All the mobile phone service
providers have their own dealer network and tower network.
For computer accessories - walk-in-to Sun Systems in Tank
Street. For branded PCs, laptops go to TCS or Swastik Systems or MSK Infotech or Flake Agencies.
For Vegetarian budget restaurants, go to Arusuvai, located opp to Hosur Bus Stand. If you look for better care, then
walk into Sangeeth Sagar Restaurant. For luxury go to
Renaissance Grand or Sivaranjani.
For Non-Veg, you have
Andhra Style (Previously called as Nandini), Periyathaai (opp Taluk
Office). To buy parcel and eat at home, then try at Selvi Mess
or Amman Mess for parotta and get Gravy from Janani.
Briyani at Janani is really good. Planning a dinner with
family or friends or official purpose, try Janani Restaurant.
Corner (Ph: +91-9952716669, +91-4344-226666) has its counter opp Srinivasa Theater in Rayakottai Road.
Domino's Pizza has its outlet near LIC Office.
McDonald's has its counter near Kamanthotti Village
- at HP Petrol Pump - about 23 kms away from Hosur
For evening eat outs, go to
Amirtham Chats near Gandhi Statue.
For buying sweets, Agarwal (north Indian), Aryabavan, Aryaas and Salom are good. Salom is located on Railway station road. For
Bakery items you have Bake - Land, opp TVS Nagar on Thalli Road.
Population: 244,518 (as per 2011 census) - including floating population: 300,000 approx.
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Chandira Choodeswarar Temple Car festival Car festival at hill temple of Hosur is held during the month of March every year and it co-incides with holy festival of north. Publish Date: Tuesday, June 12, 2012, Hrs: 14:10 +0530
Symbol of Love in Rayakottai A British soldier constructed a mosque in rememberance of his muslim wife! Publish Date: Monday, October 24, 2011, 04:41 +0530
Memorial for Pets Memorials, a symbol of love... here its for pets Publish Date: Saturday, October 22, 2011, 00:00 +0530
Pei Kiraamam Devil lives in this village killing and drinking villager's blood... இரத்தக் காட்டேரி??? Publish Date: Tuesday, October 04, 2011, 00:00 +0530
Morana Paarai Kal Thittai 'Morana Paarai Kal Thittai' ancient stone age remains near Shoolagiri - Melumalai - Malla Samuthiram village Publish Date: Wednesday, September 21, 2011, 00:00 +0530
Grand Nain Grand Nain banana - more yield - more profit Publish Date: Friday, September 16, 2011, 23:59 +0530
Aalamaram A Banyan tree spread over 3.5 acres worshiped as goddess... Publish Date: Sunday, September 11, 2011, 21:00 +0530
Sub Collector... Sandeep Nandoori IAS has taken charge as new sub collector for Hosur... speaks... Publish Date: Tuesday, September 06, 2011, 11:10 +0530
Dr Radakrishnan.. Dr Sambath Kumar, Principal, Vijay Vidyalaya Hr Sec School shares his happiness about being awarded with Dr Radhakrishnan Award Publish Date: Sunday, September 04, 2011, 10:30 +0530
Vinayagar Special Srinivasan, working as drawing master in Vijay Vidhyalaya School displays his artistic work during this Vinayagar Chathurthi celebration days... Publish Date: Friday, September 02, 2011, 23:48 +0530
Hosur municipality.. BJP wants a reconsider modified Hosur Municipality wards. Publish Date: Monday, August 29, 2011, 13:42 +0530
Science Exhibition Science Exhibition held at John Bosco High School. The school children show cased their innovations. Publish Date: Friday, August 26, 2011, 10:20 +0530
Dacoits strike Dacoits strike in Surya Nagar and take away 10gms of Gold and cash - all worth about Rs 40,000 Publish Date: Wednesday, August 24, 2011, 22:17 +0530
Hosurians on fasting In support for Anna Hazare, Hosur traders and merchants sat on fasting in RV Boys Hr Sec School Play ground Publish Date: Tuesday, August 23, 2011, 21:22 +0530
Thally road traffic Railway crossing located in Thally road causes lot of traffic snurls in Hosur town... Publish Date: Monday, August 22, 2011, 22:20 +0530
Krishna Jayanthi Hosur celebrated Krishnar Jayanthi with poojas held at all Krishnar temples. Publish Date: Sunday, August 21, 2011, 10:44 +0530
Leyland Vs Adhiyamaan Ashok Leyland Unit 2 employees at around 8 am captured Adhiyamaan Education Institute's bus and blocked NH 7 for about an Hour. Publish Date: Saturday, August 20, 2011, 21:30 +0530
Kelavarapalli Dam full Kelavarapalli Dam is full. As on date, the inflow is 1300 cft while 1000 cft is let out Publish Date: Friday, August 19, 2011, 21:10 +0530
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